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(Himachal Pradesh)

Prof. (Ms.) Anjali  Dewan writes poetry & fiction  in Hindi & English. She lives in Shimla (Himachal Pradesh)

Dr. Anjali Dewan, Associate Professor & HOD, Department of Home Science, St. Bedeís College Shimla

Her contact email:

Her biodata : click here

Poems by Anjali Dewan

Endless Journey

Lying on my bed with eyes open
I see images on the roof
Some quiet, some advancing towards me.
I can see the characters of my story
moving about un interrupted,
in their own world

but in tandem with each other.

I ask myself

This is a virtual world but looks so real

We live in the real world

inhabited by people so unreal.

There is a race going on between all of us

There is no beginning

No ending

We are all running.

Goals undefined

Destination we are not aware

Desires mounting,

We want to be the best

Come what may.

The anguish of people

their suffering

We watch as mute spectators.

Sitting on a pedestal

Looking down at others

We feel elated, superior

Without realizing that

There is no one above or below us

In this transitory world,

We are all travellers.

One day you will go

The next day

My journey will also end.

Hidden Treasure


When a time comes in life

When you desire nothing

When you want nothing

But you get everything.

When expectations die

When your attitude changes

When giving gives more

pleasure than receiving.

When you feel

 you lack nothing

 Consider yourself blessed

 as you have

 somewhere, somehow

 got the glimpse

 of your own hidden self.

 You have lost the world

 but you are not a loser

You have got yourself back.

 The treasure of treasures

 has come within your reach.

 The rich are counting pennies

 You are surrounded

 By the penniless

 King of kings. 


Role of Values in Higher Education: Challenges and Solutions
by Dr. Anjali Dewan
It is a recognized fact that modern education and training have failed to produce men and leaders of character and integrity who can make India attain its past glory. There is an overall degradation of values in society at large which has left a negative impact upon the mindset of the student community. The youngsters are in the grip of eroding values such as dishonesty, insincerity, lack of punctuality, disrespect for elders, lack of patience, loss of concern, absence of sensitivity towards others etc. A code of morality based on what works, what profits, what is convenient or what is pleasant has emerged. Due to this, the spiritual dimension, the humaneness and the bondage with fellowmen has given way to a total selfish attitude. The present paper deals with role of values, the paradigm shift necessary in our thinking to make our education system value oriented. They are external or bodily and internal or self affirming. External changes in the sense that the students get degrees by fair or foul means and on that basis get higher job positions. They ruin self to the extent of dissatisfied and meaningless life. Higher Education in the present era is stimulated by economic consideration without any reference to age old human values that separate man from animals. It is here that the urgent need for value education is felt by one and all currently. Values in higher education make one's own life and the life of his fellow beings lively and meaningful. Value based education alone can provide real meaning and content in life. Networking arrangements must be created between educational institutions and university departments of education for instilling ethical values in students, teachers and society.

Stress and Life style diseases Ė Need for Appropriate Coping Patterns
by Dr. Anjali Dewan
Stress is an all-pervading phenomenon in life. It is the product of dynamic interaction of the individuals with the environment and is triggered by their perception of threat or challenge. It is necessary and useful for personality growth when in optimum quantity. When this level, which varies from person to person is exceeded, the costs are experienced in the form of health problems and illnesses. It can lead to unhealthy lifestyle and health damaging behaviour. The modern lifestyle of excesses in eating, drinking and the so called fast paced good life has led to the violation of basic principles of health. The response to stress is determined by oneís personality, motivation, problem-solving capacity and the ability for self-introspection. Various environmental factors interact with individual make-up like disease, diet, drugs, occupation, family and social situation, physical and mental fitness, emotional stability and the ability to relax. We are developing unhealthy eating habits in conjunction with a diet high in saturated fats, sugar, and refined foods but low in fibre and towards lifestyle characterized by lower levels of activity, high stress levels and poor coping techniques. Stress has been shown to affect almost all body systems, resulting in cardiovascular disease, neuromuscular disorders, respiratory and allergic problems, gastro-intestinal disturbances, diabetes and cancer. The present paper has been designed to evaluate the effectiveness of targeting individual lifestyle diseases and adaptive coping strategies to reduce stress and improve health. Balanced diet, exercise, positive attitude and social support can go a long way in dealing with lifestyle diseases.     

Dietary pattern in Adults 
by Dr. Anjali Dewan
Men and women living in different countries and in different environments remain healthy on diets that differ widely. Inspite of these differences, there is a common pattern among adult diets in developing countries even though due to poverty, the choice is limited. The pattern is as follows:

         The main part of the diet consists of cereals such as rice, wheat, maize or millets or foods prepared from these cereals. Cereals are normally the cheapest part of the diet.

         Supplementary foods include pulses, beans and peas. These are always eaten with cereals. They give variety to the diet and make the cereals more palatable. Similarly vegetables are also eaten with cereals and pulses to increase palatability and variety.

         Some foods are consumed in lesser quantities. These are foods of animal origin. They are most expensive items of the diet and include meat, fish, eggs, milk and milk products.

         Fats and oils which are used for cooking certain foods greatly improve the taste of food.

A daily diet should be a mixture of

ō      Cereals

ō      Pulses, beans or peas

ō      Green vegetables

ō      Fruits

Animal foods are a welcome addition.

Guidelines for Good Health

by Dr. Anjali Dewan


  1. Maintain regularity in your routine.

  2. Eat as many natural foods as you can.

  3. Consume seasonal foods as far as possible.

  4. Eat well but do not overeat.

  5. Avoid excessive salt and spices

  6. Avoid too much sweets, especially sugar

  7. Eat foods which contain carbohydrates, especially starch and fibre.

  8. Avoid foods that contain large amounts of cholesterol and saturated fats.

  9. Watch your weight and maintain an ideal weight.

  10. Avoid eating the same kind of foods all the time. Eat a variety of foods.

You can also talk about the factors influencing Human Nutrition which are as follows:

  • Genetics

  • Traditions

  • Economic status

  • Culture

  • Religion

  • Age

  • Family

  • Climate

  • Education

  • Science and technology

  • Agriculture ĖUnder this can talk about high yield varieties of plants or more nutrient rich hybrids.

  • Health-under and overnutrition and disease like cardiovascular, diabetes, kidney and liver diseases in which you have to modify the diets like in heart disease one has to reduce the fat and sodium intake.

  • Medicine



It does not take much to be generous

by Dr. Anjali Dewan

Life is exciting, but that doesn't mean it is only a bed of roses. We're bound to run into problems and sure to get caught in storms. And when we do, we appreciate the helping hand of a friend, offering help. Whatever form it takes, their generosity is like the sun breaking through black clouds. Today we face many uncertainties, natural and man-made calamities, economical challenges, as well as terrorist attacks.  It does not matter what happens to us, but what we do for others when it happens to us makes a big difference.

Generosity is the willingness to share freely with others. Generous people are happy because they are following nature. Just as it is the nature of the sun to shower its bright sunlight everywhere which nurtures life, it is in the nature of the man to help others when in need. It does not matter how much, but 'doing' it is important. The idea that the more we give, the more we will receive is a common theme in all religions. The more people we lend a hand to, the greater our network of friends. If we wish to live life to the fullest, we should be generous, for as the Sanskrit Proverb says, ‘He who allows his day to pass by without practicing generosity and enjoying life's pleasures is like a blacksmith's bellows - he breathes but does not live’.

One does not need money to be generous; we can be generous by giving recognition, attention, praise, kindness, and love. We can be generous in thought, word, and deed. We can donate our time, knowledge, and skills to help others.  If we are patient, understanding, and encouraging, we can be a font of hope, a haven of peace, an oasis of joy for others. We need not travel far to practice generosity. We can begin at home by giving moral support to our parents, spouse, children, and siblings. We can then extend our generosity to the workplace, our society and to the world at large. When we act generous before others, we boost our ego, but when we are generous without others knowing, we elevate our soul. The greater the act of generosity, the greater the joy experienced by both the giver and receiver. When do we offer ‘great’ generosity? It is when we give more than we ever imagined we could. If we give what cannot be replaced, we prove that those in need have higher value than material possessions. Being sensitive to the needs of others, we will be more concerned with the timing of our gift than the size of it. So, don’t forget to be generous to someone today!


A New Beginning
by Dr. Anjali Dewan

 Sheila was on cloud nine. Finally, she had found in Manoj what she had been looking for in a companion for years. He was loving, caring and made her feel important. He had a teenage son and mother who instantly developed a great rapport with her. Everything was beautiful till they got married. After a few days, Manoj changed totally. He became abusive and tried to dominate her. For him, she was his doll. If he wanted to put her on a pedestal, it was to be done. If he wanted to break her into pieces, his will had to be implemented. She also started to notice his mentioning a woman’s name time and again whom he wanted to marry but could not as her mother was unwell and dependent upon her. When questioned about this he pointed out that he was in a comfort zone with her and that the relationship was totally professional. He started to maltreat Sheila and insulted her innumerable times in front of his son and mother. Finally, one day he asked her to leave his house. With sputum dripping from his mouth, lips trembling and intense anger on his face, he asked her to pack her bags and leave.

            Sheila was not a coward. She called up his mother who was out of town, his sister and brother. They came and were shocked to know the ugly and bad side of Manoj. They advised that both Manoj and Sheila should sit down, resolve their differences and start afresh. But Sheila put her foot down. She had been treated like a doormat but still had her self-respect intact. She called up her brother and left her so called ‘Love nest’ which gave her nothing but pain and agony. Manoj keeps sending her forgiveness seeking cards and emails. She just tears them or deletes them. She knows one day they will stop as she has made up her mind never to go back.

            She has started to call up friends, meet relatives. She is finding her wings to fly once again like a free bird in the sky. She knows that the difficulties are still not over but she has the confidence in herself that with time she will be able to move forward towards a new beginning.  


Osteoporosis-a worldwide bone disease
by Dr. Anjali Dewan

Osteoporosis is a silent disease. Often those afflicted with it come to know of their condition when the damage is done. Literally meaning ‘porous bones’, osteoporosis affects the entire skeleton with most fractures occurring in the spine, hip, and wrist. Two-thirds of spinal fractures occur without any symptoms. Doctors point out that osteoporosis will be one of the five major diseases affecting people worldwide. After diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart diseases, it is osteoporosis that needs attention. People do not think there is anything unusual about fractures. But osteoporosis and fractures due to it can be a major problem. This includes disability, chronic pain, loss of working capacity and in some cases even death. And all this can be prevented, by getting to know about nutrition, whether in food or through supplements. With the age span having increased, conditions such as osteoporosis are also increasing. The age group of those being affected with osteoporosis is also decreasing. Perhaps it is for this reason that that WHO has declared 2001-2010 as the Bone and Joint Decade with the objective of spreading awareness about osteoporosis and other bone disorders like arthritis. A minimum of 200-400 units of Vitamin D, which can be procured from just half an hour in the sun and 1000 milligrams of calcium should be provided to an adult everyday. A quarter litre of milk, an egg, green leafy vegetables are good sources of calcium. For those who do not get these from food, there are vitamin supplements.  The cost of osteoporosis management is very high. The medication and treatment is not very cheap. A painless test called bone mineral density (BMD) test or bone densitometry is used to diagnose osteoporosis by measuring bone mass. Osteoporosis is a preventable and treatable disease, especially if diagnosed early. The most obvious consequences of osteoporosis are a humped back, height loss, and a level of disability that hampers activities of daily living. These conditions result from fracture-related skeletal deformities and can cause further problems that can include breathing difficulty and depression. Insufficient calcium levels can also affect normal functioning of the heart, nerves, muscles, gastrointestinal tract, and kidneys. Research points out that a woman’s risk of fracture is greater than the combined risk of heart attack, stroke and breast cancer. Hip fractures due to osteoporosis are serious with 20-25 per cent people dying within the first year and another 25 per cent becoming partially disabled for life. Osteoporosis is responsible for more than 1.5 million fractures annually, including 700,000 vertebral fractures, 250,000 wrist fractures, and more than 550,000 fractures at other sites. Females with a diet low in calcium, inactive lifestyle, advanced age and those smoking cigarettes are in the high- risk category.


Healthy needs looking after
by Dr. Anjali Dewan

TheHerre are some easy tips to maintain a healthy heart:

Consume less of milk, processed cheese and nuts.
Eat more of curd, grains, pulses, green vegetables, fruits, fish.
Reduce salt in your meals.
Increase the amount of carrots, garlic, onion, sweet potato, dark green leafy vegetables in your diet.
Eat lot of fibre by consuming whole grains, whole pulses, greens, fruits.
Drink lots of water.
Donít skip but eat regular meals.
Check your weight periodically.

Exercise regularly.
Avoid alcohol, quit smoking.
Blood pressure and cholesterol should be monitored.
Do housework-donít worry nobody has died because of it.
Work should not stress you out. Practice stress reduction techniques like yoga, meditation.
If you have a family history of Diabetes, heart disease, you need to be careful.
Go for regular medical checkups and have the medicine prescribed by the doctor.
Sleep for at least 6-8 hours.
Laugh and laugh some more.
Give and receive loveóbest antidote for a healthy heart.
So, lead a healthy life and keep your heart beating.

Yes, My lord! My Master! 
by Dr. Anjali Dewan

In our society, marriage is considered as a commercial transaction based on property, wealth and status. The editors of a famous book August Bebel ďWomen in the past, present and futureĒ, Subrata Mukerjee and Sushila Ramaswamy are of the viewpoint that despite the change in the psyche of the women, they continue to be treated as objects. They are educated with a view to becoming good mothers and wives lest they provide competition to men in the male dominated professions of our patriarchal society. It becomes worse if the woman has to enter matrimony again due to being a widow or a divorcee. It is not easy for men either but why should they worry, after all the decision of choosing a bride rests with them, not with the women in any case. Love marriages, well I donít know but here Iím referring to arranged marriages.
A friend of mine, a divorcee with a very short earlier marriage, working as a lecturer in a prestigious College was literally forced by her family members to meet a doctor from a small town of Punjab. He was also a divorcee with two children who were living with their mother. Everybody in her family liked him. She met him a few times and could feel him dillydallying on some pretext or other. Finally, after five months of knowing her, he asked for her kundli. She consented though did not like it as if he was that particular about his and her stars matching, this should have been done earlier before meeting her. The photostat copy of the kundli was despatched to him the next day. It was not his habit to call her up or write to her as after all, he was a doctor, a very busy man! When the family enquired, he replied in affirmative that he had received the kundli. After that there was no response. Believe it or not! the lady almost had a nervous breakdown. She felt as if she was sitting in a market like a commodity, men come quote a price, if it does not suit them, they walk away. In fact, here she was going to make so many compromises for his sake like leaving her job, she has no children, is any day better looking than him, would have tried to find another job or be without a job for sometime, if need be. The reason being that her family wanted social security for her and she herself had started to feel lonely in the evenings. And what did the man do? Just stopped responding. He did not even have the courtesy of letting her know that he would not like to proceed further. Do you think that was fair to her?
I have a few points for the women readers to ponder on when they are free from their household chores:
∑ Is marriage a kind of Almhouse into which each one of us has to enter whether we like it or not?
∑ Why is that the income of the wife has no independent status and is only treated as a supplement to her husbandís income?
∑ Manís decision always matters in marriage proposals. If he says itís yes, sweets are distributed without even asking her whether she is also agreeable to the proposal as it is taken for granted that she is. If it is a No from the manís side, she cannot question him but is supposed to resign to her fate. She is always at his beck and call. Why may I ask? Do we have no individuality, no identity of our own!
∑ Men much older with children are sitting on a pedestal and much younger women feel gratified if they agree to settle down with them in matrimony. Have they found Alladinís magic lamp!
∑ Why is that the women think that social security can only be provided to us if we get married. There are so many cases of domestic violence, rape, dowry related deaths after getting married. On the other hand, there are many single ladies these days working on their own terms, leading a good life without entering into matrimony and feel socially secure.
∑ Why is that the woman still has a Ďsecondary statusí to man despite the feminists shouting from rooftops about the empowered women of this millenium!
I am not against marriage at all. In fact itís a very important institution of our society where the relationship between a man and a woman is given legal status a holy sanctity. Despite the fact that man and woman are two wheels of this relationship, man is considered more important. Why is that? It is a nice drawing room conversation about how empowered we are or how liberated our views are. To tell you the truth, man still rules the world. Yes! we have become aware of our rights. But has this awareness reached each and every part of this country? The answer is in the negative. Every minute, some women are sexually molested, raped, killed, burnt for getting insufficient dowry or tortured for giving birth to only daughters. Some of you might think that I have painted a very sad picture of women of today, but I am not exaggerating. It is the truth and yes it is a bitter pill to swallow.

Life is a precious giftólead it happily
Life is Godís greatest gift. It is the ability to function and grow that distinguishes living animals and plants from dead and inanimate objects. It is the period between birth and present, between present and death. The purpose of our life has to be determined by what we want from our life. When we seek for a goal, it ought to be that which we want the most and which we would always need. To live is first such want but this is common to all beings and does not take specific account of our being human. It is believed that what we want most and all the time from our life, is to live with peace of mind. Our purpose is therefore lasting happiness. Each person has to find his own answer as to what he ought to be doing to attain such a state of mind. Peace of mind can come only through a sustaining balance of forces affecting our mind. Forces affecting our mind are sensory experiences, thoughts, emotions and values. These forces are magnified or moderated not so much by the external factors, but rather by our own internal state of ego. In order to fulfill our purpose in life, we need to understand how our own ego hurts and harms us and get it reined in suitably. In other words, we need to think ourselves to be small to get any lasting happiness in life. This will add meaning to our life and we will be able to live happily with a smile on our lips despite all kinds of odds against us.

Harmony in your life

by Dr. Anjali Dewan

To bring Harmony in your life, just go through the following pearls of wisdom:
∑ Donít set your goals according to expectations of the people. Only you know what is best for you.
∑ Donít take for granted the things closest to your heart as life without them is meaningless.
∑ Donít let your life just slip through your fingers by living in the past or for the future. By living your life one day at a time, you live all the days of your life.
∑ Donít give up when you still have something to give to others. Nothing is really over until the moment you stop trying.
∑ Donít be afraid to admit that you are not perfect. It is this imperfection thread that binds us with each together.
∑ Donít be afraid to face risks in life. It is by taking these chances that we learn to be brave.
∑ Donít run through life so fast that you forget not only where youíve been, but also where you are going.
∑ Donít forget that a personís greatest emotional need is to be appreciated.
∑ Donít be afraid to learn. Knowledge is a treasure that you can always carry easily.
∑ Life is not a race, but a special journey to be enjoyed each step of the way.